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Donor-advised fund or private foundation
Creating a successful charitable giving plan begins with understanding the differences between various charitable vehicles. Here we compare two frequently employed charitable planning vehicles — the donor-advised fund (DAF) and private foundation to help you structure and plan your giving. For more detailed information about these solutions, please contact your advisor.
|Donor-advised fund (DAF)||Private foundation|
|Maximum tax deductibility as a percentage of
Adjusted Gross Income
(excess may be carried over five years)
|Cash: 60% |
Publicly traded securities: 30% 1
Nonfinancial assets: 30% 1
Publicly traded securities: 20% 1
Nonfinancial assets: 20% 1
|Donor makes grant recommendations||Donor has full control over and responsibility for grantmaking decisions|
|Donor can choose to direct investment portfolio options managed by the DAF sponsor||Donors can choose to direct investment management|
|Donor has discretion to grant anonymously||Grant activity is a matter of public record|
|Excise tax on net investment income 2|
|None||1% or 2% net investment income|
|Required quarterly tax payments|
|Required annual distribution|
|No||Yes, 5% based on asset value|
|Donor IRS filing requirement|
|No||Must file tax return (IRS Form 990-PF)|
|Legal fees/start-up costs|
|No||Yes, required to establish foundation|
Note: An increasing number of philanthropic individuals and families utilize both donor-advised funds and private foundations in a comprehensive charitable giving strategy.
Donor-advised fund (DAF) offering:
The Bank of America Charitable Gift Fund
Administration: Provided by donor-advised fund
Tax preparation: Provided by donor-advised fund
Client type: May be ideal for emerging and experienced philanthropists — self directed donors who desire privacy and maximum charitable impact
Types of assets accepted:
Support from grantmaking professionals: Self-directed; limited support available in developing a charitable giving plan
Family involvement: Unlimited co-advisors
Private foundation offering:
Foundation management services 3
Administration: Broad range of administrative services available
Tax preparation: Only available if foundation is created in a trust form and our firm manages all assets
Client type: May be ideal for philanthropists who prioritize flexibility and control
Account minimums: Greater than $5 million is recommended
Types of assets accepted:
Support from grantmaking professionals: Comprehensive support including strategic planning, grantmaking and administrative services, mission development, governance and compliance
Family involvement: Family members and other trusted advisors may be involved in roles such as trustee, director or advisor
Contact us at 888-703-2345 or email
1 Deductions for contributions are based on fair market value if held for more than one year. Contributions of non-publicly traded securities or nonfinancial assets to a private foundation are limited to cost basis.
2 Income received from investment assets (before taxes) such as bonds, stocks, mutual funds, loans and other investments (less related expenses).
3 Please note: additional fees may apply to some of these services.
4 If the account balance falls below $25,000 at the end of any quarter, the account will be placed into the Principle Preservation allocation.
5 Considered on a case-by-case basis.
Global Wealth & Investment Management (GWIM) is a division of Bank of America Corporation. The Chief Investment Office, which provides investment strategies, due diligence, portfolio construction guidance and wealth management solutions for GWIM clients, is part of the Investment Solutions Group (ISG) of GWIM.
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Institutional Investments & Philanthropic Solutions (“II&PS”) is part of Bank of America Private Bank, a division of Bank of America, N.A., Member FDIC, and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bank of America Corporation (“BofA Corp.”). Trust and fiduciary services and other banking products are provided by wholly-owned banking affiliates of BofA Corp., including Bank of America, N.A
Certain Bank of America Private Bank associates are registered representatives with MLPF&S and may assist you with investment products and services provided through MLPF&S and other nonbank investment affiliates. MLPF&S is a registered broker-dealer, Member SIPC, and a wholly-owned subsidiary of BofA Corp.
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Merrill Private Wealth Management is a division of MLPF&S that offers a broad array of personalized wealth management products and services. Both brokerage and investment advisory services (including financial planning) are offered by the Private Wealth Advisors through MLPF&S. The nature and degree of advice and assistance provided, the fees charged, and client rights and Merrill’s obligations will differ among these services. The banking, credit and trust services sold by the Private Wealth Advisors are offered by licensed banks and trust companies, including Bank of America, N.A., Member FDIC, and other affiliated banks.